Impact Assessment of Long-Term Work Zones in Arterial Roads on Commercial Activities in Dammam Metropolitan Area, Saudi ArabiaAuthor/Presenter: Alshabibi, Nawaf M.; Abdelhamid, Hatem T.
This paper assesses the impact of long-term work zones in arterial roads on commercial activities in Dammam Metropolitan area. The study focuses on two cases of long-term work zones in arterials in two major cities in Dammam Metropolitan Area. The first case is a work zone with full lanes closure on Prince Mohamed Bin Fahad Road at the south east entrance of Dammam city. The second case is a work zone with full lanes closure on King Abdul-Aziz Road at the northern entrance of Al-Khobar City. Data collection relies on field survey including questionnaires to affected business owners and managers. The questionnaire has been developed to assess the impact before and during road works period, in the work zone, on mobility and accessibility to commercial activities. Field survey includes 201 commercial activities at two work zone locations. Answers have been registered in Excel spreadsheet. Data analysis includes percentages of change, means, and standard deviation of dependent variables before and during the presence of the work zone. It was found that long-term work zones on arterials have multiple negative impacts on workers, sales, and customers. These impacts are related to lack of mobility, accessibility and reduction of parking availability during work period. Also, restaurants and travel agencies were the most effected activities by work zone presence, while banks were the least effected.