Rapid Response Techniques for Disasters Near Roadway Work Zones: Surfacing Options for Expedient RoadsAbstract:
In recent years, many parts of the United States have experienced increases in the frequency and severity of adverse events such as forest fires, floods, or hurricanes. These changes increase the probability of disasters occurring at the same time as long-term closures for road or bridge construction. Expedient roads and trails are routes that can be built quickly, usually with locally available materials, equipment, and personnel. Expedient roads can support emergency response and recovery by restoring access to a stricken area and can sometimes reduce the combined traffic impacts of road construction and the disaster. This brochure reviews some of the surfacing materials that can be used for expedient roads and trails.